Why isn’t cybersecurity considered a top priority for a majority of small businesses?
A 2015 National Small Business Association survey revealed that cybersecurity doesn’t even rank among the top 5 most significant challenges. Yet small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) represented 60% of all targeted cyber-attacks last year. And according to the National Cyber Security Alliance, 60% of small businesses close their doors permanently within 6 months of a data breach.
October 5, 2016
The National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence
Presented by: CAMI, Startup MD, and the CRTC
With these industry partners: the National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE), MD Department of Commerce, and Montgomery County Economic Development Corporation
Maryland Cyber Day is an activity-filled day highlighting and celebrating Maryland’s cybersecurity innovators and connecting them with two vital tools for growth and success – investment capital and customers – from Maryland and beyond. Connect online and in-person with an audience that has been specifically curated to meet your business’ needs – companies and government entities that are on the look-out to purchase, partner with and/or acquire today’s most cutting-edge cybersecurity technologies.
Maryland Cyber Day will include the Pitch Across Maryland Bus Tour and our signature event – the Cyber Solutions Marketplace – and wrap up with CAMI’s Birthday Bash. Buy your ticket today, and don’t miss this opportunity for your company to be recognized as one of Maryland’s leading cybersecurity assets.
Register for Maryland Cyber Day Now!
October 20-21, 2016
The Baltimore Hilton Hotel
The CyberMaryland Conference is an annual two-day event designed to showcase Maryland’s leadership in the cybersecurity industry, provide sharing and networking opportunities within the cybersecurity community, and facilitate the development of cyber assets. This year’s theme is “Leading the Cyber Generation,” and the event will include the CyberMaryland Conference, an induction ceremony into the National Cyber Security Hall of Fame, the Maryland Cyber Job Fair, and the Cyber Maryland Industry Showcase.
Do you use computers in your organization to work with, process and store sensitive data that if stolen or disclosed could potentially result in damages to an employee, client, student or patient?
- Are your organization’s computers used to access, process or store protected health information (PHI)?
- Are computers in your organization used to work with, access, process or store personally identifiable information (PII)?
- Are computers in your organization used to accept, acquire, process, transmit or store cardholder/credit card data?
If the computers your organization uses have the ability to store information locally including sensitive information, installing disk encryption designed to protect and safeguard that information is a good business practice.
In some cases it is potentially required by State or Federal laws and may be necessary to meet certain industry standards. Listed below are some examples.
Social security numbers, student transcripts, financial aid information and individual’s health records are federally protected under laws like the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). While encryption is not mandated under HIPAA it is an “addressable implementation specification”. Specific State privacy laws and institutional policies may impose more stringent requirements than FERPA.
The financial industry has encryption and data guidelines established in legislation such as the Dodd-Frank Act.
Cardholder/credit card data is required to be handled and secured in accordance with the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (PCI DSS).
Who should use it –
If your organization is a financial institution or your organization’s computers are used to work with health care data, student transcripts, financial aid information or cardholder/credit card data and this information can be saved locally, you should seriously consider assessing your risks and possible liabilities to determine if encrypting your data is a prudent or necessary safeguard.
To give you a simple example, if you work with protected health information and it is saved on an unencrypted hard drive a laptop computer that is lost or stolen, you will be in violation of the HIPAA security rule in which case you must report the security incident to the proper Federal authorities. You may be subject to fines and penalties as well as other mitigation remedies and required corrective actions. If the laptop hard drive was encrypted with appropriate full disk encryption software then there may be no need to report the security incident or incur fines and penalties since you had adequate safeguards in place to protect and safeguard the sensitive information.
Ultimately it is up to your organization’s management, their assessment of risk and due diligence review of the laws and regulations under which your organization operates on whether or not the data and information your organization’s computers access and work with should be encrypted. In most cases it is best to err on the side of caution and use full disk encryption to safeguard data and information.
Options for implementing encryption –
There are a number of tools available in the marketplace that implements disk encryption. You should be aware that they vary in features and security. A proper assessment of your risks and applicable laws and regulations will assist you in determining the most appropriate solution.
Disk encryption solutions basically fall into two categories: software-based and hardware-based within the storage device. Hardware-based disk encryption within the storage device are called self-encrypting drives (SED).
Examples of some software-based encryption applications would include BitLocker for Windows (Microsoft), Endpoint Full Disk Encryption (Check Point), Endpoint Encryption (Symantec) and VeraCrypt (CodePlex). There are a number of software solutions on the market so a due diligence review of your needs and product capability is a necessity.
SED drives are available from many hard drive vendors including Seagate Technology, Hitachi, Western Digital, Toshiba and from solid-state drive vendors such as OCZ, SanDisk, Samsung and Micron. SED drives do have several advantages over a software based solution. First, since the encryption is done within the storage device itself, there is little to no impact on the performance of your computer or your applications. Second, since the media encryption key never leaves the storage device it is not susceptible to viruses and malware that may impact the computer’s operating system or your applications.
If you would like some guidance or assistance with assessing your needs or disk encryption options please contact us.
The Department of Homeland Security just released a memo detailing a serious flaw in what was considered, at that point, the latest version of Symantec’s End Point Protection security suite. This was just a few short months after Symantec released their latest version.
Software are often released with unknown security flaws contained in their code. These “holes” generally go unnoticed to even the software manufacturer until a hacker or a security company examines it a lot more closely and often times discovers a vulnerability that can be exploited. It is at that point that the software manufacturer releases a “patch” or even a version upgrade that fixes the issue and on it goes with patches and upgrades. It is a never ending process but the very best way to ensure good IT security is to be vigilant in your upgrade process.
The upgrade process does take constant attention and not just to your anti-virus / anti-malware software. There are updates to every day software and add-ons such as web browser components (Java, Flash), Microsoft Office, Adobe products and of course the very important Microsoft security updates for your operating system.
The constant barrage of updates and the endless ways that the Internet bad guys gain access to your systems and information makes it a very daunting task to keep everything up-to-date and secure.
You should invest in a strategy or compliment of solutions to lighten this burden and to keep your system safe:
Patch management system-This is a software system that has an administrative console installed on your network server. From this console, you can view and adjust settings on all of your network workstations. This patch management system is designed to monitor all of your computers for software updates, download the updates to a central repository and “push” them out to the computers on a regular basis. This ensures that all of your computers are up-to-date with security updates to all of your employees’ installed software and eliminates the need to constantly be in touch with each software vendor for their latest versions or patches.
Content filtering system– This type of system monitors your employees’ Internet access and can block unwanted sites that you deem inappropriate for office use and / or not conducive to productivity. The less places that your employees can stray on the Internet, the less likely they will come across a website with malicious code or join a site that will deliver problematic spam email.
Spam filtering system– Whether it is installed as a software or hardware solution, filtering out phishing emails and spam emails with malicious attachments or links is very important to the health of your system. Spam email is the number one way that viruses and malware reach your employees’ computers.
Business-class Internet firewall– The importance of this piece of hardware cannot be downplayed. A lot of clients opt for a less-costly and sometimes a retail model and rarely apply updates to their device. A business-class unit will have more attention paid to it by the manufacturer than a unit from a local tech store and will regularly submit security updates to address recent vulnerability trends of flaws on their devices. A lot of these higher-end units also have the ability to do some of the services mentioned above such as content or spam filtering.